A Public Forum on Rights and Responsibilities for Sustainability
Climate Change and Governance Conference, 28-29 March 2006, New Zealand
Collaborative Environmental Activities
Conservation Roundtable Conference, ALOTOAU, PNG
Leadership in a Climate of Change
Responsible governance of Watersheds
Samoa, Culture and Environment
Science Technology and Society conference
The Treaty of Waitangi and the Foreshore and Seabed
Water Forum: from the stories of our rivers to the quality of water
Watersheds and Responsible Governance
Published on 18 December 2008
Local Management of Marine Areas (LMMA) Network Meeting, Fiji
Details of the Shared Activity
The LMMA meeting was held over 6 days in Suva, and in village member sites. Participants linked with the Across Oceania network included Hugh Govan (a member of the LMMA Network Co-ordinating team) Kelly May (NIWA), Wayne Ormond (Ministry of Fisheries), Aranui Puna, Guardian (Kaitiaki) of a customary marine reserve (Mataitai). Betsan Martin, Convener of RESPONSE and two participants from the Philippines, Merlyn Martinez and Rosalina Lodripaz. Merly and Rosalina are from OTRADEV, the NGO led by Pinky Cupino.
Some of RESPONSE Group at Navakadu Village during LMMA meeting. From left, Merlyn Martinez, Betsan Martin, Wayne Ormsby, Rosalina Lodripez, Ron, Aranui Puna
Overview of LMMA
The concept of Local management of marine areas was initiated through the USAID Biodiversity Conservation Network (BCN) between 1995 and1998. A feature of the initiative was an enterprise approach to conservation, using participatory techniques, which involved 20 projects across the Asia/Pacific region. LMMA’s are managed by local communities in partnership with network support advisors.
The Vision for the LMMA network is:
The following are key areas for LMMA sites:
• Protected marine biodiversity
Areas of key interest with respect to Partnerships for Development and the RESPONSE network
Overall, the LMMA meeting was a most valuable opportunity for in-depth learning as representatives from all participant countries gave presentations on their site programmes and on issues for attention. The meeting provided a shared learning process as well as engagement with network issues as a whole.
The Filipino participants from OTRADEV, who are also RESPONSE partners, were able to meet and work with the LMMA group from the Philippines, and establish a basis for ongoing collaboration in the Philippines. The OTRADEV group wish to pursue LMMA membership, and the meeting in Fiji provided the perfect opportunity for OTRADEV to plan for the development of further sites in association with the Philippines network.
The RESPONSE/NIWA group brought particular NZ experience to the network meeting by being able to share the experience of a Research Institute in partnership with a community initiative. Of particular interest was a methodology being developed for working with science and indigenous knowledge in the management of coastal marine sites.
There are several aspects of shared interest between the LMMA and NZ experience:
• Conservation in NZ is largely managed through a model of protected reserves which are set aside from resource use both on land and sea, with marine reserves being characterized as ‘no-take’ areas. This is possible in a context of government ownership of conservation and marine zones. In contrast, in most Pacific Island countries land and sea ownership remains in customary titles, so any conservation initiatives have to be developed in agreement with customary owners, and includes both land and marine areas.
• The area of Customary Fisheries Management is still in the process of development in New Zealand. The combination of biodiversity enhancement and conservation of marine resources, with sustainable resource use for livelihood interests and non-commercial purposes is an area for fruitful exchange between Maori and Pacific initiatives in the LMMA framework.
• Maori customary marine management is working with traditional marine management systems as contemporary management tools. For example, rahui, a temporary ban on fishing, is a management tool widely used in the Pacific, as a traditional form of adaptive management.
• The LMMA programme combines marine conservation interests with sustainable use of fish and sea products for livelihoods.
• Some LMMA sites include land and sea areas in the managed area – i.e. in Pohnpei 30% of coastal resources and 20% of terrestrial resources are protected.
At the concluding session of the meeting, a presentation was made from the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This identified the development of an Oceania Strategy as a current priority. The LMMA network will contribute to the development of the Oceania framework. A discussion took place between leaders of the LMMA initiative, and RESPONSE and NIWA research partners. Discussions will be held about New Zealand hosting a Pacific wide hui on indigenous knowledge and customary fisheries.
Presentation session during LMMA meeting